While configuring Multiple Networks VPNs (Multiple policy and destination SubNets reached via the same remote IPSec VPN Peer) between Mikrotik and other Firewalls, traffic would randomly stop for certain destinations.
Packet forwarding and encryption only works for one destination (the first matched IPSec Policy) and any other destination (and only the first matched one) will be reachable by performing a ‘SA Flush’.
Imagine to have a full MySQL DB Dump (containing a lot of Single Database Dumps) and imagine also to need the extraction or restoration of a single one. This is a quite common task that can be accomplished using some shell commands.
On September 24, 2014, a GNU Bash vulnerability (Shellshock or “Bash Bug”), was discovered and published.
The vulnerability allows remote attackers to execute arbitrary code given specific conditions, by injecting strings of code following environment variable assignments.
Because of Bash’s large utilization (Ex: Linux, BSD, OsX), many computers are vulnerable to Shellshock Bash Bug.
All unpatched Bash versions between 1.14 through 4.3 seems to be compromised.
Upgrading from Apache 2.2 to 2.4 is simply but some configuration updates are necessary, because a working Apache 2.2 VirtualHost setup will break silently when you upgrade to Apache 2.4.
A full and comprehensive guide to updating from Apache 2.2 to 2.4 is available in the apache.org website.
Loosing the private key it’s bad, but if someone steals the private key, it’s a disaster.
Thieves can not only decrypt personal data, they can also impersonate the owner by signing messages with his private key.
Yes, it is possible to revoke the stolen key, but that would mean probably loose years of signatures and basically creating a massive inconvenience to redistribute a new public key to the world. SubKeys can help to prevent this disaster.
Having separate SubKeys makes key management easier and protects you in certain occasions, for example it is possible to create a new SubKey when a previous one gets stolen, without losing previous signatures.